Welcome to Laser Pointer Forums - discuss green laser pointers, blue laser pointers, and all types of lasers



Help with my first (and most likely last) build

Calcifer

New member
Joined
Dec 11, 2013
Messages
45
Points
0
Hey all,

So I came here looking for a purple laz0r that had a good beam. I've come out looking for a 445nm single-mode laser between 100mW-1W. I have a good idea of how a laser works and all the terminology involved, but I don't know all that much about which exact driver to buy/what is compatible with what ect.

I'm fine with soldering parts together because I may solder things in future projects (I don't even have a soldering iron) but I don't really want to buy a diode press for something I'm only going to do once. So basically I'm looking for a 445nm highish power diode that's been pre-assembled and a compatible driver to go with it. I'm thinking of buying from here because you can't really go wrong with DTR but I just wanted to get some thoughts/information first before I started sinking money into this thing :eg:
 



TheDeviation

New member
Joined
Nov 23, 2009
Messages
14
Points
0
Unfortunately the M140 diode you have linked isn't single mode, the only single mode ~445nm blue diode i know of is the PL450B here: LINK

As for a host and heat-sink just find something you like that is easy to assemble for a first build.

The driver you will need for it will vary depending on whether the build uses one or two batteries if you use Lithium Ion cells, for one cell you will need a Boost type driver and for two you will need a Buck type driver or possibly a Linear.
You will also need to make sure the driver will fit in whatever host you choose as well as provide the proper current for the diode.
DTR's site carries a few different driver's and has links to a few others as well.

You will also need safety glasses to block the ~445nm wavelength range to protect your eyes from the laser. There are many threads here on LPF that cover safety glasses.

Also if you haven't already done so you should read the stickies in the Safety & Legal section


As for soldering, i recommend to practice on some spare circuit boards or parts first so you don't do like i did when i started out and accidentally kill a diode and driver. Thankfully it was a phr-803t blu-ray diode and only cost $15 in 2009 but it could have been a lot worse.

Building your own lasers can be very rewarding but be warned that it is very addictive :D

Just make sure you read up on some of the builds fellow laserists here have done and also read into safe laser habits and you should be fine.
It seems like a lot at first but after a build or two it will almost come to you on it's own.
Good luck and welcome to the hobby/lifestyle.
 

Livinloud

New member
Joined
Feb 21, 2013
Messages
5,029
Points
0
For soldering, flux is a must and will make even the worst solder'er decent. A 5 year old can make a good connection with flux :) I suggest a C6 build since they are cheap and easier to do. I have numerous C6 heatsinks in all sorts of colors if you need one. Heck I have 10 different color hosts too but I was saving those for my projects.
 

TheDeviation

New member
Joined
Nov 23, 2009
Messages
14
Points
0
^^^^ true, flux most certainly helps, and for a first build as Livinloud mentioned, a c6 is definitely a good choice.

+rep Livinloud if i can for mentioning flux, i'm tired and in trying to cover most of the basics forgot the all important flux...
 

Calcifer

New member
Joined
Dec 11, 2013
Messages
45
Points
0
Unfortunately the M140 diode you have linked isn't single mode, the only single mode ~445nm blue diode i know of is the PL450B here: LINK

As for a host and heat-sink just find something you like that is easy to assemble for a first build.

The driver you will need for it will vary depending on whether the build uses one or two batteries if you use Lithium Ion cells, for one cell you will need a Boost type driver and for two you will need a Buck type driver or possibly a Linear.
You will also need to make sure the driver will fit in whatever host you choose as well as provide the proper current for the diode.
DTR's site carries a few different driver's and has links to a few others as well.

You will also need safety glasses to block the ~445nm wavelength range to protect your eyes from the laser. There are many threads here on LPF that cover safety glasses.

Also if you haven't already done so you should read the stickies in the Safety & Legal section


As for soldering, i recommend to practice on some spare circuit boards or parts first so you don't do like i did when i started out and accidentally kill a diode and driver. Thankfully it was a phr-803t blu-ray diode and only cost $15 in 2009 but it could have been a lot worse.

Building your own lasers can be very rewarding but be warned that it is very addictive :D

Just make sure you read up on some of the builds fellow laserists here have done and also read into safe laser habits and you should be fine.
It seems like a lot at first but after a build or two it will almost come to you on it's own.
Good luck and welcome to the hobby/lifestyle.

Hey, the only real reason I want a single-mode is for a better looking beam. The shape of the dot doesn't actually bother me all that much, so is it then still logical to get the PL450B?

I have already read all of the safety and law stickies on this site, but thankyou for making sure I didn't make any mistakes :)

For soldering, flux is a must and will make even the worst solder'er decent. A 5 year old can make a good connection with flux :) I suggest a C6 build since they are cheap and easier to do. I have numerous C6 heatsinks in all sorts of colors if you need one. Heck I have 10 different color hosts too but I was saving those for my projects.

Thanks, I'll look into getting some flux with my soldering iron! :thanks: I have been considering C6 because they seem to be compatible with most builds (plus easier to put together) but I'm still yet to find any hosts that really appeal to me. I'll keep looking :beer: Also, thankyou for the offer on the heatsinks! We'll see how I go :)


So if I buy any of those modules off DTR's site all I'll need to do is solder it onto a driver and then drop it into a heatsink and its ready to go? Obviously I'll need to connect it to the case body ect. to close the circuit but is that basically all I need?
 
Last edited:

Livinloud

New member
Joined
Feb 21, 2013
Messages
5,029
Points
0
If you buy the diode with the leads then yes you need to solder it to the driver leads. What I do is strip about 1/4 on both leads and then hold them in a "x" crossing. Twist the wires over each other really tight and then place in a pair fo helping hand (dont forget to put heat shrink on one of the wires first or you'll have to take them aprt again). Slab the flux on, I mean get a good layer. Put some flux on the iron and then add some solder to the iron. Touch tje solder to the flux anf the wire and boom the flux does all tje work and you get a perfect joint. Slide the het shribk over the joint and shrink it. Easy as eating cake!
 

TheDeviation

New member
Joined
Nov 23, 2009
Messages
14
Points
0
Hey, the only real reason I want a single-mode is for a better looking beam. The shape of the dot doesn't actually bother me all that much, so is it then still logical to get the PL450B?

That choice is completely personal preference. At least with my M140 build which uses the 3 element lens, the beam in the night sky doesn't look that bad but definitely isn't anywhere close to round. At the aperture, the beam starts out about 2 and a half times as wide as it is thick and then at ~50 feet it is definitely more of a line than a dot.

So in the end, if you are just after raw power you could go with the M140, or you could go with the PL450B for the single-mode and less divergent beam.
I have also found i really can't use my M140 build indoors without problems such as stuff across the room wanting to burn and ignite.
If I could go back to when I bought the parts for my laser knowing what I know now, I would go with the PL450B for the nicer dot but then again I'm content seeing ~1mW of 633 from my He-Ne as well.

In the end it is pure personal preference on which to go with...

Maybe someone with experience with both diodes could chip in here?
 

Calcifer

New member
Joined
Dec 11, 2013
Messages
45
Points
0
If you buy the diode with the leads then yes you need to solder it to the driver leads. What I do is strip about 1/4 on both leads and then hold them in a "x" crossing. Twist the wires over each other really tight and then place in a pair fo helping hand (dont forget to put heat shrink on one of the wires first or you'll have to take them aprt again). Slab the flux on, I mean get a good layer. Put some flux on the iron and then add some solder to the iron. Touch tje solder to the flux anf the wire and boom the flux does all tje work and you get a perfect joint. Slide the het shribk over the joint and shrink it. Easy as eating cake!

Okay this is starting to sound possible for me! :D I'll get to work on deciding on a host :beer:


That choice is completely personal preference. At least with my M140 build which uses the 3 element lens, the beam in the night sky doesn't look that bad but definitely isn't anywhere close to round. At the aperture, the beam starts out about 2 and a half times as wide as it is thick and then at ~50 feet it is definitely more of a line than a dot.

So in the end, if you are just after raw power you could go with the M140, or you could go with the PL450B for the single-mode and less divergent beam.
I have also found i really can't use my M140 build indoors without problems such as stuff across the room wanting to burn and ignite.
If I could go back to when I bought the parts for my laser knowing what I know now, I would go with the PL450B for the nicer dot but then again I'm content seeing ~1mW of 633 from my He-Ne as well.

In the end it is pure personal preference on which to go with...

Maybe someone with experience with both diodes could chip in here?

It really sounds like Ill want the PL450B. I'm less interested in burning stuff and more in just having a really magnificent beam at night that looks really really tight and thin. If I do get it to be ~1W then I'll be able to burn stuff at a close distance anyway so I'm pretty much decided on a diode now, thankyou so much for your help :thanks:


I will now go looking around for a C6 host that I like and report back for driver specifics and such :san:
 

NKO29

Active member
Joined
Jun 6, 2013
Messages
870
Points
28
if you do decide to go with a c6, i have a heatsink you can use for it. it's a bit scratched, but i'd polish it for you :) For a c6, you'll want a round driver btw :)
 

Calcifer

New member
Joined
Dec 11, 2013
Messages
45
Points
0
if you do decide to go with a c6, i have a heatsink you can use for it. it's a bit scratched, but i'd polish it for you :) For a c6, you'll want a round driver btw :)

Ahh thankyou so much for the offer! All you guys are so generous :D I'm gonna go start looking at hosts right now :)
 

Calcifer

New member
Joined
Dec 11, 2013
Messages
45
Points
0
Can any of you guys confirm that this flashlight does in fact come with the 'Ultrafire' logo on it? Because I've seen threads about the other C6 that has 'no logo' but actually comes with a CREE logo :thinking:

EDIT: Turns out it does, just found a video of one with the logo briefly flashed :)
 
Last edited:

Calcifer

New member
Joined
Dec 11, 2013
Messages
45
Points
0
Alrighty well I'm basically set on getting the Ultrafire. So now onto the question of the best module for the PL450B.. Once again going for a single, one-size clean beam, with burning power not being a major concern. From what I've read so far the G2 is better for burning but the Three-Element lens gives the best looking beam? Any confirmations on this?
 

Zeebit

New member
Joined
Aug 27, 2012
Messages
1,112
Points
0
Remember that the PL450B is a 120mW single mode diode so you won't be able to burn much stuff with it. You can squeeze a little more power out of it with a G2 lens but IMO, the price of getting a little more power is not worth it.

If burning is not a concern then you can just use an acrylic lens instead. You will get a slightly lower output but the dot will be cleaner than the glass lens.

You can get a microboost soldered on or you can get a buck driver from DX along with your host.
 

Calcifer

New member
Joined
Dec 11, 2013
Messages
45
Points
0
Remember that the PL450B is a 120mW single mode diode so you won't be able to burn much stuff with it. You can squeeze a little more power out of it with a G2 lens but IMO, the price of getting a little more power is not worth it.

If burning is not a concern then you can just use an acrylic lens instead. You will get a slightly lower output but the dot will be cleaner than the glass lens.

You can get a microboost soldered on or you can get a buck driver from DX along with your host.

Well yeah I just want a really clean beam and I'm willing to sacrifice burning power for beam quality, as long as the beam will be really visible from all viewing angles at night. If I really want to be able to burn stuff later I may come back and make another laser but that'll be a few months down the track if ever :p What are the specific differences between an acrylic lens and a Three-Element/G2?
 




Top