Welcome to Laser Pointer Forums! If you are looking for a laser you may want to check out the Laser Company Top Sites List. The link will open in a new window for your convenience.

Colorful 2018, Colorful Laser Power Meter
 Laser Pointers YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

LPF Laser Pointer Company Database (link opens new window)

10-30-2014, 04:43 PM #1
 Super Moderator Join Date: Jan 2014 Location: Great White Frozen North Posts: 9,201 Rep Power: 1081900
Super Moderator

Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Great White Frozen North
Posts: 9,201
Rep Power: 1081900

Ebay: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

New Casix 501 060 000 YVO4 Crystal 5x2 9x9 6mm Yttrium Vanadate | eBay

Can this be used to build a high power 532nm laser? aside from a pump diode and collimation, what else is needed, anyone?

__________________

Attention new brothers of the collimated light!

Newbie advice: Please take the time to first make an introduction in the Welcome section before posting questions.

Divergence to spot size calc: - 1 mRad is about .057 degrees which expands to be very roughly ~10% the diameter of the moon or sun at their distances.

Divergence Calculator: pseudonomen137's JScript mRad Calculator - Measure your lasers beam dia. at 1 foot & then 20'.

Online calc. to determine spot intensity at different mRad's & powers: http://tinyurl.com/divergence-calculator

Laser Power Density Calculator: Laser Power Density Calculator - Ophir

Build a beam expander to reduce divergence: http://tinyurl.com/BeamExpander

University YAG Project The Professor's Homebuilt Lasers Site - YAG Lasers

YAG Power Calc. Laser Peak Power Calculator - Ophir

Angular Size Calculator; use with diode angle of radiation spec. for lens dia. at FL: Angular Size Calculator

RHD's Calc: http://lsrtools.1apps.com/RelativeBr...&useRaleigh=on

High Current Pulse Drivers: https://tinyurl.com/ya7whuk3

10-30-2014, 05:11 PM #2
 Class 3B Laser Join Date: Jul 2012 Location: IN, United States Posts: 2,863 Rep Power: 10397
crazyspaz
Class 3B Laser

Join Date: Jul 2012
Location: IN, United States
Posts: 2,863
Rep Power: 10397
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

Mirrors and a frequency doubler (obviously). Cant view the listing, but some crystals are coated to eliminate the need for mirrors-HR532 HT1064 on one side, HT808 on the other.

10-30-2014, 06:08 PM #3
 Super Moderator Join Date: Jan 2014 Location: Great White Frozen North Posts: 9,201 Rep Power: 1081900
Super Moderator

Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Great White Frozen North
Posts: 9,201
Rep Power: 1081900
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

Thanks, any idea who might coat such a crystal and if it is terribly expensive, if needing mirrors?
__________________

Attention new brothers of the collimated light!

Newbie advice: Please take the time to first make an introduction in the Welcome section before posting questions.

Divergence to spot size calc: - 1 mRad is about .057 degrees which expands to be very roughly ~10% the diameter of the moon or sun at their distances.

Divergence Calculator: pseudonomen137's JScript mRad Calculator - Measure your lasers beam dia. at 1 foot & then 20'.

Online calc. to determine spot intensity at different mRad's & powers: http://tinyurl.com/divergence-calculator

Laser Power Density Calculator: Laser Power Density Calculator - Ophir

Build a beam expander to reduce divergence: http://tinyurl.com/BeamExpander

University YAG Project The Professor's Homebuilt Lasers Site - YAG Lasers

YAG Power Calc. Laser Peak Power Calculator - Ophir

Angular Size Calculator; use with diode angle of radiation spec. for lens dia. at FL: Angular Size Calculator

RHD's Calc: http://lsrtools.1apps.com/RelativeBr...&useRaleigh=on

High Current Pulse Drivers: https://tinyurl.com/ya7whuk3

10-30-2014, 06:42 PM #4
 Class 3B Laser Join Date: Jul 2012 Location: IN, United States Posts: 2,863 Rep Power: 10397
crazyspaz
Class 3B Laser

Join Date: Jul 2012
Location: IN, United States
Posts: 2,863
Rep Power: 10397
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

You can probably find mirrors on ebay. Getting an individual crystal coated would not be with the cost. I think meredith instruments sells crystals with the proper coatings. Btw I told you the wrong coatings; the vanadate will be HT808 on one side, HR1064 on the other side. The doubler will be HT1064 HR808 on side and HR532 HT1064/808 on the other. Then the OC will be HR808/1064 HT532.

10-30-2014, 08:34 PM #5
 Super Moderator Join Date: Jan 2014 Location: Great White Frozen North Posts: 9,201 Rep Power: 1081900
Super Moderator

Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Great White Frozen North
Posts: 9,201
Rep Power: 1081900
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

Thanks, this guy thinks these are AR coated for C-Band, maybe not good for use where I want to use it then. I've googled C-Band and it is closer to 1500nm, but I know so little about this kind of thing, I'm not sure.
__________________

Attention new brothers of the collimated light!

Newbie advice: Please take the time to first make an introduction in the Welcome section before posting questions.

Divergence to spot size calc: - 1 mRad is about .057 degrees which expands to be very roughly ~10% the diameter of the moon or sun at their distances.

Divergence Calculator: pseudonomen137's JScript mRad Calculator - Measure your lasers beam dia. at 1 foot & then 20'.

Online calc. to determine spot intensity at different mRad's & powers: http://tinyurl.com/divergence-calculator

Laser Power Density Calculator: Laser Power Density Calculator - Ophir

Build a beam expander to reduce divergence: http://tinyurl.com/BeamExpander

University YAG Project The Professor's Homebuilt Lasers Site - YAG Lasers

YAG Power Calc. Laser Peak Power Calculator - Ophir

Angular Size Calculator; use with diode angle of radiation spec. for lens dia. at FL: Angular Size Calculator

RHD's Calc: http://lsrtools.1apps.com/RelativeBr...&useRaleigh=on

High Current Pulse Drivers: https://tinyurl.com/ya7whuk3

10-30-2014, 10:38 PM #6
 Class 3B Laser Join Date: Mar 2013 Location: Colorado, USA Posts: 2,753 Rep Power: 156476
ultimatekaiser
Class 3B Laser

Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 2,753
Rep Power: 156476
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

Quote:
 Originally Posted by crazyspaz You can probably find mirrors on ebay. Getting an individual crystal coated would not be with the cost. I think meredith instruments sells crystals with the proper coatings. Btw I told you the wrong coatings; the vanadate will be HT808 on one side, HR1064 on the other side. The doubler will be HT1064 HR808 on side and HR532 HT1064/808 on the other. Then the OC will be HR808/1064 HT532.
Actually, that's not quite right....generally the lasing medium is HT 808/HR1064/HR532, and then HR808/AR1064/AR532

and then the KTP is DBAR 1064/532 and the OC is HR 1064 and sometimes partially reflective 532 depending on how many passes you want.

or at least this is the way CNI does it. depends on where you want light to go. some people allow the 532 to span the entire cavity, some people stop it at the KTP. depends on what you want your beam to be like.

10-30-2014, 10:48 PM #7
 Class 3B Laser Join Date: Jul 2012 Location: IN, United States Posts: 2,863 Rep Power: 10397
crazyspaz
Class 3B Laser

Join Date: Jul 2012
Location: IN, United States
Posts: 2,863
Rep Power: 10397
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

Quote:
 Originally Posted by ultimatekaiser Actually, that's not quite right....generally the lasing medium is HT 808/HR1064/HR532, and then HR808/AR1064/AR532 and then the KTP is DBAR 1064/532 and the OC is HR 1064 and sometimes partially reflective 532 depending on how many passes you want. or at least this is the way CNI does it. depends on where you want light to go. some people allow the 532 to span the entire cavity, some people stop it at the KTP. depends on what you want your beam to be like.
Yea *cough* thats uh, what I meant, yea.
I will just play it off as "i was typing on my phone and mistyped"
Which is slightly true.
slightly.

10-30-2014, 10:50 PM #8
 Class 3B Laser Join Date: Mar 2013 Location: Colorado, USA Posts: 2,753 Rep Power: 156476
ultimatekaiser
Class 3B Laser

Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 2,753
Rep Power: 156476
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

Quote:
 Originally Posted by crazyspaz Yea *cough* thats uh, what I meant, yea. I will just play it off as "i was typing on my phone and mistyped" Which is slightly true. slightly.
sure it was

It was a good try though. And what you put down would probably work too. The beam would just have different properties.

10-31-2014, 12:52 AM #9
 Super Moderator Join Date: Jan 2014 Location: Great White Frozen North Posts: 9,201 Rep Power: 1081900
Super Moderator

Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Great White Frozen North
Posts: 9,201
Rep Power: 1081900
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

The seller says the AR coating is a yellowish-greenish tint, probably for 1500 nm. Does this prevent use for a 532nm pumped laser with a KTP?

__________________

Attention new brothers of the collimated light!

Newbie advice: Please take the time to first make an introduction in the Welcome section before posting questions.

Divergence to spot size calc: - 1 mRad is about .057 degrees which expands to be very roughly ~10% the diameter of the moon or sun at their distances.

Divergence Calculator: pseudonomen137's JScript mRad Calculator - Measure your lasers beam dia. at 1 foot & then 20'.

Online calc. to determine spot intensity at different mRad's & powers: http://tinyurl.com/divergence-calculator

Laser Power Density Calculator: Laser Power Density Calculator - Ophir

Build a beam expander to reduce divergence: http://tinyurl.com/BeamExpander

University YAG Project The Professor's Homebuilt Lasers Site - YAG Lasers

YAG Power Calc. Laser Peak Power Calculator - Ophir

Angular Size Calculator; use with diode angle of radiation spec. for lens dia. at FL: Angular Size Calculator

RHD's Calc: http://lsrtools.1apps.com/RelativeBr...&useRaleigh=on

High Current Pulse Drivers: https://tinyurl.com/ya7whuk3

Last edited by Alaskan; 10-31-2014 at 02:08 PM. Reason: tint

11-01-2014, 04:56 PM #10
 Super Moderator Join Date: Jan 2014 Location: Great White Frozen North Posts: 9,201 Rep Power: 1081900
Super Moderator

Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Great White Frozen North
Posts: 9,201
Rep Power: 1081900
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

Disregard, I received this answer, below, on another forum that these are likely used for 1550nm telecom. For the sake of other LPF members looking to do the same thing someday (Please forgive me for ripping from another group) I thought it worth posting his response here:

Quote:
 Originally Posted by mixedgas 1. No visible purple tint that changes color with angle and ambient lighting in the crystal, probably undoped YV04 used as a high index of refraction optic. 2. C Band coating, 1550 nm. Doped Vandate does not lase significantly in 1550 region. Rough conclusion: Its a compensator optic of some sort for a Mid IR telecom device and not a laser crystal. For known good laser crystals, I'm going to put a plug in here for my former employer, Altos Photonics. You might pay 2X over Ebay, but Russian grown crystals and Lithuanian Optical Coatings are actually quite good. (Well, Actually superb !) That way you know what your getting and the prices are reasonable. If you dig deep enough into the Altos Website you'll find the Eksma Optics laser crystals page (Not the Rods page) with actual US prices. If not, call the office and get a quote. Really, really, screaming lasers need "capped" vanadate with un-doped ends fused onto the doped Vanadate or you need a high Quality oriented and coated crystal like Altos sells. Having built or repaired a few lasers, I'm weary of Ebay DPSS parts. Eksma treats their parts as if they are all destined for lab service, so the coatings are good and the orientations are correct. Steve
__________________

Attention new brothers of the collimated light!

Newbie advice: Please take the time to first make an introduction in the Welcome section before posting questions.

Divergence to spot size calc: - 1 mRad is about .057 degrees which expands to be very roughly ~10% the diameter of the moon or sun at their distances.

Divergence Calculator: pseudonomen137's JScript mRad Calculator - Measure your lasers beam dia. at 1 foot & then 20'.

Online calc. to determine spot intensity at different mRad's & powers: http://tinyurl.com/divergence-calculator

Laser Power Density Calculator: Laser Power Density Calculator - Ophir

Build a beam expander to reduce divergence: http://tinyurl.com/BeamExpander

University YAG Project The Professor's Homebuilt Lasers Site - YAG Lasers

YAG Power Calc. Laser Peak Power Calculator - Ophir

Angular Size Calculator; use with diode angle of radiation spec. for lens dia. at FL: Angular Size Calculator

RHD's Calc: http://lsrtools.1apps.com/RelativeBr...&useRaleigh=on

High Current Pulse Drivers: https://tinyurl.com/ya7whuk3

Last edited by Alaskan; 11-01-2014 at 05:29 PM.

11-02-2014, 02:45 AM #11
 Class 3B Laser Join Date: May 2011 Posts: 3,571 Rep Power: 1033044
Encap
Class 3B Laser

Join Date: May 2011
Posts: 3,571
Rep Power: 1033044
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

MAybe give these guys in NY a call.

They supply crystals and can suggest a crystal system and how to make use of it.

Non-linear Optical crystals, Birefringent crystals, E-O/A-O crystals

Nd:YVO4 in a frequency-doubled green laser pointer. Internal construction is shown. AAA-type cells and electronics lead to a laser module (enlarged in lower diagram). This contains a powerful 808 nm IR diode laser that pumps a Nd:YVO4 laser crystal, in turn providing 1064 nm light. This immediately is doubled inside a nonlinear optics KTP crystal, resulting in green light at the half-wavelength of 532 nm. This beam is expanded and infrared-filtered. see diagram here: Neodymium-doped yttrium orthovanadate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

What is it you actually want to do?

Last edited by Encap; 11-02-2014 at 06:33 AM.

11-02-2014, 06:04 AM #12
 Super Moderator Join Date: Jan 2014 Location: Great White Frozen North Posts: 9,201 Rep Power: 1081900
Super Moderator

Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Great White Frozen North
Posts: 9,201
Rep Power: 1081900
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

Thank you very much, I spent quite a few minutes looking at their offerings. One of the things I want to ask them is how much 532nm power can be had for a given size of ktp crystal and how hard they need to be driven with IR to get it. I can't seem to find the information through google searches, maybe just using the wrong terms.
__________________

Attention new brothers of the collimated light!

Newbie advice: Please take the time to first make an introduction in the Welcome section before posting questions.

Divergence to spot size calc: - 1 mRad is about .057 degrees which expands to be very roughly ~10% the diameter of the moon or sun at their distances.

Divergence Calculator: pseudonomen137's JScript mRad Calculator - Measure your lasers beam dia. at 1 foot & then 20'.

Online calc. to determine spot intensity at different mRad's & powers: http://tinyurl.com/divergence-calculator

Laser Power Density Calculator: Laser Power Density Calculator - Ophir

Build a beam expander to reduce divergence: http://tinyurl.com/BeamExpander

University YAG Project The Professor's Homebuilt Lasers Site - YAG Lasers

YAG Power Calc. Laser Peak Power Calculator - Ophir

Angular Size Calculator; use with diode angle of radiation spec. for lens dia. at FL: Angular Size Calculator

RHD's Calc: http://lsrtools.1apps.com/RelativeBr...&useRaleigh=on

High Current Pulse Drivers: https://tinyurl.com/ya7whuk3

Last edited by Alaskan; 11-02-2014 at 06:07 AM. Reason: added more, as always.

11-03-2014, 04:40 AM #13
 Class 3B Laser Join Date: May 2011 Posts: 3,571 Rep Power: 1033044
Encap
Class 3B Laser

Join Date: May 2011
Posts: 3,571
Rep Power: 1033044
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

Quote:
 Originally Posted by Laser Project Thank you very much, I spent quite a few minutes looking at their offerings. One of the things I want to ask them is how much 532nm power can be had for a given size of ktp crystal and how hard they need to be driven with IR to get it. I can't seem to find the information through google searches, maybe just using the wrong terms.
The most common DPSSL in use is the 532 nm wavelength green laser pointer. A powerful (>200 mW) 808 nm wavelength infrared GaAlAs laser diode pumps a neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Nd:YAG) or a neodymium-doped yttrium orthovanadate (Nd:YVO4) crystal which produces 1064 nm wavelength light from the main spectral transition of neodymium ion. This light is then frequency doubled using a nonlinear optical process in a KTP crystal, producing 532 nm light. Green DPSSLs are usually around 20% efficient, although some lasers can reach up to 35% efficiency.

In other words, a green DPSSL using a 2.5 W pump diode would be expected to output around 500-900 mW of 532 nm light.

In optimal ideal conditions, Nd:YVO4 has a conversion efficiency of 60%, while KTP has a conversion efficiency of 80%. In other words, a green DPSSL can theoretically have an overall efficiency of 48%

You might be better off with a cost effective professional production made 532nm that is exactly what you need rather than playing around with crystals, diodes and optics mountings and everything else you would need. You are going to find out that even under good conditions and with experienced knowledgeable professional building techs, they are not easy to make fine tune and tweak and results vary widely--each one being different.

ONe guy who makes not cheap but very good 532nm modules is Lasever see: http://www.lasever.com/plus/view.php?aid=152

Why attempt to reinvent the wheel when someone probably makes a production unit the fits what you want to do?

Last edited by Encap; 11-03-2014 at 04:51 AM.

11-03-2014, 04:47 AM #14
 Super Moderator Join Date: Jan 2014 Location: Great White Frozen North Posts: 9,201 Rep Power: 1081900
Super Moderator

Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Great White Frozen North
Posts: 9,201
Rep Power: 1081900
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

I'm a believer, I just spent all weekend trying to rescue a 250mw pointer I have and driving it hard with 4 watts of IR I only have 15 percent efficiency. I have a new appreciation for laser pointers done right. (puts out more than double now, but still, only 15 percent or so efficient). I guess I'm driving the crystal too hard for what it is.
__________________

Attention new brothers of the collimated light!

Newbie advice: Please take the time to first make an introduction in the Welcome section before posting questions.

Divergence to spot size calc: - 1 mRad is about .057 degrees which expands to be very roughly ~10% the diameter of the moon or sun at their distances.

Divergence Calculator: pseudonomen137's JScript mRad Calculator - Measure your lasers beam dia. at 1 foot & then 20'.

Online calc. to determine spot intensity at different mRad's & powers: http://tinyurl.com/divergence-calculator

Laser Power Density Calculator: Laser Power Density Calculator - Ophir

Build a beam expander to reduce divergence: http://tinyurl.com/BeamExpander

University YAG Project The Professor's Homebuilt Lasers Site - YAG Lasers

YAG Power Calc. Laser Peak Power Calculator - Ophir

Angular Size Calculator; use with diode angle of radiation spec. for lens dia. at FL: Angular Size Calculator

RHD's Calc: http://lsrtools.1apps.com/RelativeBr...&useRaleigh=on

High Current Pulse Drivers: https://tinyurl.com/ya7whuk3

Last edited by Alaskan; 11-03-2014 at 04:49 AM.

11-03-2014, 04:50 AM #15
 Class 3B Laser Join Date: Mar 2013 Location: Colorado, USA Posts: 2,753 Rep Power: 156476
ultimatekaiser
Class 3B Laser

Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 2,753
Rep Power: 156476
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

Yes it certainly isn't easy that's for sure. I'm fixing a 589 PGL-M right now and it's quite a royal pain in the ass. It needed a new pump diode and the alignment is messed in a few ways I rather dislike
__________________
325nm: Omni 2056-M-A01 HeCd
375nm: Melles Griot RCS-007

405nm: Melles Griot RCS
430nm: Coherent D3 430-10
441.6nm: Omnichrome 2056-M-A01/4074-P-A03 HeCd laser
457.9nm: Argon Ion Line

472nm Omni-643RYB Whitelight Line
473nm: CNI MGL-473-100, CNI GLP-473-5
476.5nm: Argon Ion Line

483nm Omni-643RYB Whitelight Line
488nm: Argon Ion Line, Spectra Physics Cyan 488-20 DECSL, Coherent Sapphire 488-20 OPSL

496.5nm: Argon Ion Line
501.7: Argon Ion Line
514.5nm: Argon Ion Line
520nm: Trustfire A8 Custom

532nm: Coherent Genesis MX Taipan OPSL, LG Hercules-325
543.5nm: 05-LGR-193 Melles Griot HeNe 3.8mW
Melles Griot LGB-563 HeNe

561nm: Melles Griot 85-YCA-015, Coherent Sapphire 561-100
568nm: Omni-643RYB Whitelight Line

577nm: Coherent Genesis MX Taipan OPSL
583.8nm: DPSS line
586.2nm: DPSS line
588.6nm: CNI PGL-M-80

591nm: DPSS line
593.5nm CNI MGL-H-50 Lab Laser
594.1nm: Coherent 31-2230-000 (4.5mW)

604.6nm: LOR-150 HeNe line
609nm: Raman HeNe line
611.8nm: Melles Griot LOR-150 HeNe (5mW), LOR-006 HeNe (0.5mW)

632.8nm: Spectra Physics Model-127 (>35mW), Model-124B, Model-120, Model-117, others
Melles Griot LHB-580, LHB-190, WHR-570

641nm: Melles Griot RCS
647nm: Omni-643RYB Whitelight Line
659.6nm: Laser Quantum IGNIS DPSS laser 0.5W

671nm: CNI PGL-III-C-100
676nm: Omni-643RYB Whitelight Line
690nm: custom diode laser
694nm: Portable Q-switched Ruby Laser

1152.6nm: SP-120 HeNe alt. mirrors
1523.5nm: Melles Griot LIR-151 HeNe
3391nm: SP-124 alt. mirrors

11-03-2014, 06:14 AM #16
 Super Moderator Join Date: Jan 2014 Location: Great White Frozen North Posts: 9,201 Rep Power: 1081900
Super Moderator

Join Date: Jan 2014
Location: Great White Frozen North
Posts: 9,201
Rep Power: 1081900
Re: YVO4 Crystal 5x2.9x9.6mm Yttrium Vanadate

I can sure tell when the crystal is getting too hot, if I over drive it... The efficiency drops, I can get 550 mw out of it at 3.7 amps of current to the IR diode, push that up to 5 amps and the output drops to 400mw and lower. If I had a TEC controling the crystal temperature, I could probably get 800mw out of this thing.
__________________

Attention new brothers of the collimated light!

Newbie advice: Please take the time to first make an introduction in the Welcome section before posting questions.

Divergence to spot size calc: - 1 mRad is about .057 degrees which expands to be very roughly ~10% the diameter of the moon or sun at their distances.

Divergence Calculator: pseudonomen137's JScript mRad Calculator - Measure your lasers beam dia. at 1 foot & then 20'.

Online calc. to determine spot intensity at different mRad's & powers: http://tinyurl.com/divergence-calculator

Laser Power Density Calculator: Laser Power Density Calculator - Ophir

Build a beam expander to reduce divergence: http://tinyurl.com/BeamExpander

University YAG Project The Professor's Homebuilt Lasers Site - YAG Lasers

YAG Power Calc. Laser Peak Power Calculator - Ophir

Angular Size Calculator; use with diode angle of radiation spec. for lens dia. at FL: Angular Size Calculator

RHD's Calc: http://lsrtools.1apps.com/RelativeBr...&useRaleigh=on

High Current Pulse Drivers: https://tinyurl.com/ya7whuk3

Last edited by Alaskan; 11-03-2014 at 06:17 AM.

 Thread Tools Display Modes Linear Mode

 Posting Rules You may not post new threads You may not post replies You may not post attachments You may not edit your posts BB code is On Smilies are On [IMG] code is On HTML code is OffTrackbacks are On Pingbacks are On Refbacks are On Forum Rules

All times are GMT. The time now is 07:21 AM.

 -- DarkShadows V5 -- Responsive LPF -2562016 -- Default Style Contact Us - Laser Pointers - Archive - Top